Study group in number
theory
Coordinator Karen Taylor
Spring 2020
Meeting in GC 5417, Fridays 11:45  1:00
Feb 28 
Edna Jones, Rutgers University Local Densities of Diagonal Integral Ternary Quadratic Forms at Odd Primes Abstract: We give formulas for local densities of diagonal integral ternary quadratic forms at odd primes. Exponential sums and quadratic Gauss sums are used to obtain these formulas. These formulas (along with 2adic densities and Siegel's mass formula) can be used to compute the representation numbers of certain ternary quadratic forms. 

Mar 6 
Alexandra Florea, Columbia University Nonvanishing for cubic Lfunctions Abstract: Chowla conjectured that L(1/2,\chi) never vanishes, for $\chi$ any Dirichlet character. Soundararajan showed that more than 87.5% of the values L(1/2,\chi_d), for \chi_d a quadratic character, do not vanish. Much less is known about cubic characters. Baier and Young showed that more than X^{6/7\epsilon} of L(1/2,\chi) are nonvanishing, for \chi a primitive, cubic character of conductor of size up to X. In joint work with C. David and M. Lalin, we show that a positive proportion of these central Lvalues are nonvanishing in the function field setting. The same techniques can be used to prove the analogous result in the number field setting, conditional on the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. 

Mar 13 
Robert Donley, Queensborough Community
College Algebraic aspects of stochastic matrices and semimagic squares Abstract: A square matrix is called a semimagic matrix if each row and column have a common sum. For the case of size three and nonnegative integer coefficients, counting such matrices is a problem of combinatorial number theory going back to MacMahon (1916), and these matrices play a central role in the theory of angular momentum coupling. The goal of this talk is to explore the multiplicative properties of these matrices as complex algebras using the framework of elementary representation theory of finite groups. Examples include permutation matrices, circulant matrices and dihedral groups. This is joint work with M. S. Ravi. 

Mar 20 
No meeting 

Mar 27 
No meeting 

Apr 3 
Cihan Karabulut, William Paterson University 

Apr 10 
Spring Break 

Apr 17 
Spring Break 

Apr 24 
Huy Dang, University of Virginia 

May 1 
Daniel Garbin, Queensborough Commmunity
College 

May 8 

Fall 2019
Meeting in GC 3307, Fridays 11:45  1:00
Sept 13 
Kevin O’Bryant, College of Staten Island and
the GC Techniques in Explicit Number Theory Abstract: The speaker has recently been engaged in some “large” projects related to the distribution of primes, with the aim of producing explicit versions of classically asymptotic theorems, such as the Prime Number Theorem in Arithmetic Progressions, or Liouville/Roth type theorems in Diophantine Approximation. This talk will outline how that work proceeds, and then focus on a familiar technical problem: how to prove that $f(\vec x) \leq g(vec x)$, when $f$ is a hideously complicated (but explicitly computable) function and $g$ is a pleasantly “quotable" function. 

Sept 20 
Heidi Goodson, Brooklyn College SatoTate Groups of Trinomial Hyperelliptic Curves Abstract: Let C_m: y^2=x^m+c be a smooth projective curve defined over Q. We would like to study the limiting distributions of the coefficients of the normalized Lpolynomial for C_m. To determine the distributions, we study the SatoTate groups of the Jacobians of the curves. In this talk we give both general results and explicit examples of SatoTate groups for certain curves C_m. We will use these groups to determine the limiting distributions of the coefficients of the normalized Lpolynomial. 

Sept 27 
Larry Rolen, Vanderbilt University Periodicities for Taylor coefficients of halfintegral weight modular forms Abstract: Congruences of Fourier coefficients of modular forms have long been an object of central study. By comparison, the arithmetic of other expansions of modular forms, in particular Taylor expansions around points in the upperhalf plane, has been much less studied. Recently, Romik made a conjecture about the periodicity of coefficients around $\tau=i$ of the classical Jacobi theta function. Here, in joint work with Michael Mertens and Pavel Guerzhoy, we prove this conjecture and generalize the phenomenon observed by Romik to a general class of modular forms of halfintegral weight. 

Oct 4 
No seminar 

Oct 11 
Manami Roy, Fordham University Paramodular forms coming from elliptic curves Abstract: We will discuss a lifting from a nonCM elliptic curve over rationals to a paramodular form (a Siegel modular form with respect to the paramodular group) of degree 2 and weight 3 via the symmetric cube map. We find a description of the paramodular form in terms of the coefficients of the Weierstrass equation of the given elliptic curve. In order to understand this lifting, we consider the underlying representationtheoretic mechanism. 

Oct 18 
Karen Taylor, Bronx Community College Coincidence of Theta Functions Attached to Quadratic Fields Abstract: We will discuss the coincidence of theta functions via an example of Cohen. We will discuss the shape of a generalization of Cohen's example. 

Oct 25 
Joel Nagloo, Bronx Community College The AxLindemannWeierstrass theorem for automorphic functions Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss recent work, joint with G. Casale and J. Freitag, around the problem of transcendence of Fuchsian automorphic functions. These are the uniformizing functions for compact Riemann surfaces that are obtained from quotients of the upper half plane by certain Fuchsian groups (a wellknown example is the modular jfunction). I will place particular emphasis on the so called AxLindemannWeierstrass theorem. If time permits, I will also explain how our work can be applied to answer questions in arithmetic geometry (or more precisely to a special case of the conjectures on unlikely intersections). 

Nov 1 
Cormac O'Sullivan, Bronx Community College and
the GC Expansions of 1/((1q)(1q^2)...(1q^N)) at roots of unity and Rademacher's conjecture Abstract: The generating function for restricted partitions is a finite product and has a Laurent expansion at each root of unity. The question of the behavior of these Laurent coefficients as the size of the product increases goes back to Rademacher and his work on partitions. Building on the methods of Drmota, Gerhold and previous results of mine, we complete this description and give the full asymptotic expansion of each coefficient at every root of unity. The proofs require Mellin transforms, polylogarithms and the saddlepoint method. 

Nov 8 
No meeting/MathFest 

Nov 15 
Robert Sczech, Rutgers University A refinement of Stark's conjecture in the Abelian first order zero case Abstract: According to a classical conjecture of Harold Stark from 1980, the derivative of a partial zeta function at s=0, associated to an ideal class in a number field F, yields in certain cases the absolute value of a unit in an abelian extension of F. In my talk, I will present a refinement of that conjecture by giving a formula for that unit itself (and not only its absolute value) in terms of multiple Gamma functions. 

Nov 22 
William Chen, Columbia University Nonabelian level structures for elliptic curves and noncongruence modular forms Abstract: Modular forms and modular curves have played a crucial role in modern number theory, but one almost always eventually restricts to considering only forms for congruence subgroups. In this talk I will try to explain how noncongruence subgroups (of SL(2,Z)) fit into the picture. Specifically, for a finite 2generated group G, I will begin by defining the moduli space of elliptic curves with "Gstructures", which will be a congruence modular curve if G is abelian, and noncongruence if G is sufficiently nonabelian. I will describe how this relates to the unbounded denominators conjecture for noncongruence modular forms, and using the work of Scholl, I will then describe a connection between the Fourier coefficients of noncongruence modular forms and Galois actions on the (nonabelian) fundamental groups of punctured elliptic curves. As time allows I will describe a joint work with Deligne showing that metabelian level structures are congruence, and some partial progress towards understanding Hecke operators on nonabelian level structures. 

Nov 29 
No meeting/Thanksgiving 

Dec 6 
Djordje
Milicevic, Bryn Mawr College Extreme values of twisted Lfunctions Abstract: Distribution of values of Lfunctions on the critical line, or more generally central values in families of Lfunctions, has striking arithmetic implications. One aspect of this problem are upper bounds and the rate of extremal growth. The Lindelof Hypothesis states that zeta(1/2+it)<<(1+t)^eps for every eps>0 ; however neither this statement nor the celebrated Riemann Hypothesis (which implies it) by themselves do not provide even a conjecture for the precise extremal subpower rate of growth. Soundararajan's method of resonators and its recent improvement due to BondarenkoSeip are flexible first moment methods that unconditionally show that zeta(1/2+it), or central values of other degree one Lfunctions, achieve very large values. In this talk, we address large central values L(1/2, f x chi) of a fixed GL(2) Lfunction twisted by Dirichlet characters chi to a large prime modulus q. We show that many of these twisted Lfunctions achieve very high central values, not only in modulus but in arbitrary angular sectors modulo pi*Z, and that in fact given any two modular forms f and g, the product L(1/2, f x chi) * L(1/2, g x chi) achieves very high values. To obtain these results, we develop a flexible, readytouse variant of Soundararajan's method that uses only a limited amount of information about the arithmetic coefficients in the family. In turn, these conditions involve small moments of various combinations of Hecke eigenvalues over primes, for which we develop the corresponding Prime Number Theorems using functorial lifts of GL(2) forms. This is part of joint work on moments of twisted Lfunctions with Blomer, Fouvry, Kowalski, Michel, and Sawin. 

Spring 2019
Meeting in GC 3307, Fridays 11:45  1:00
Feb 1 
Fernando Herrera, University of Chile A Lipschitz summation formula on Siegel's half space of degree three
Abstract: The Lipschitz summation formula is a useful tool for
automorphic forms, it gives a Fourier expansion for certain
functions which arise in the theory of modular forms. Furthermore
there are several works about generalizations. I will begin this
talk showing the Lipschitz summation formula on the Poincare
upper half plane (the classical version) and then to show a version
on Siegel's half space of degree three.


Feb 8 
No meeting 

Feb 15 
No meeting 

Feb 22 
Dan White, Bryn Mawr College Twelfth Power Moment of Dirichlet Lfunctions Abstract 

Mar 1 
Fikreab S. Admasu, The Graduate Center of
CUNY Subgroup growth zeta functions and Hecke algebras Abstract: The study of subgroup growth zeta functions is a relatively young research area. In my thesis, I consider nilpotent groups and I attempt to generalize the notion of the cotype zeta function of an integer lattice to finitely generated nilpotent groups. This helps in determining the distribution of subgroups of finite index and provides more refined invariants in the analytic number theory of nilpotent groups. Similar attempt on algebraic groups leads to a rederivation of zeta functions of classical algebraic groups using Hecke algebras. A connection with CohenLenstra heuristics will also be discussed. 

Mar 8 
Karen Taylor, Bronx Community College Dirichlet Series and Generalized Hecke Groups Abstract: Duke introduce the groups G(A) which naturally correspond to an ideal class, A, of a real quadratic field. These groups generalize the Hecke groups G(lambda), lambda>2. In this talk, I will describe two problems, which have been solved for the Hecke groups, which I am currently working on generalizing. One problem, solved by Rosen, is the description of the elements of G(lambda) by continued fractions. The other is to Knopp and Sheingorn's construction of modular integrals on G(lambda) with prescribed logpolymomial periods. 

Mar 15 
Linda Keen, The
Graduate Center of CUNY and Lehman College Symbolic dynamics, curves on surfaces, Farey sequences and discreteness problems Abstract: The free group on two generators arises in many contexts. In this talk we will see it as the fundamental group of a punctured torus and a pair of pants, building blocks for Riemann surfaces. We will show how symbolic dynamics and Farey sequences can be used to find generating sets for the group. We will use these to answer some geometric and discreteness questions. 

Mar 22 
No meeting 

Mar 29 
Robert Donley, Queensborough Community
College Binomial arrays and generalized Vandermonde identities Abstract: "It is not exaggerated to say the Catalan numbers are the most prominent sequence in combinatorics." (Kauers and Paule, 2013) Associated to the Catalan numbers is an evolving set of numerical triangles, for which we suggest perhaps a final form. These triangles belong to a larger class of arrays with features of both the extended Pascal's triangle and Riordan arrays. We introduce the notions of generalized binomial transform and binomial array, and we describe several hockey stick rules (3 short, 6 long) and a visual interpretation of Vandermonde's identity/convolution for these arrays. Finally, we obtain two families of sequences generalizing the Catalan numbers mostly absent from the OEIS. 

Apr 5 
Peter Wear, University of California San Diego Perfectoid covers of abelian varieties and their tilts Abstract: We will give an examplebased overview of perfectoid spaces, explain a recent construction (joint with Blakestad, Gvirtz, Heuer, Shchedrina, Shimizu, and Yao) which associates a perfectoid space to abelian varieties over perfectoid fields, and an extension of these ideas to describe the tilt of this perfectoid space. 

Apr 12 
Abdul Hassen, Rowan University Hyperbolic Euler and Bernoulli Numbers and Polynomials Abstract: In this talk we present a generalization of the Euler and Bernoulli Numbers and polynomials based on generalizations of the hyperbolic functions. We shall discuss some properties and identities satisfied by these polynomials. 

Apr 19 
Spring Break 

Apr 26 
Spring Break 

May 3 
Andrew Obus, Baruch College Fun with Mac Lane valuations Abstract: Mac Lane's technique of "inductive valuations" is over 80 years old, but has only recently been used to attack problems about arithmetic surfaces. We will give an explicit, handson introduction to the theory, requiring little background beyond the definition of a valuation on a ring. We will then outline how this theory is helpful for resolving "weak wild" quotient singularities of arithmetic surfaces, as well as for proving conductordiscriminant inequalities for higher genus curves. The first project is joint work with Stefan Wewers, and the second is joint work with Padmavathi Srinivasan. 

May 10 
Cihan Karabulut,
William Paterson University Modular Forms Whose Fourier Coefficients Involve Zeta Functions of Binary Hermitian Forms Abstract 

Fall 2018
Meeting in GC 3307, Fridays 11:45  1:00
Sept 14 
Ivan Horozov, Bronx Community College Multiple zeta values and the adeles 

Sept 21 
Ivan Horozov, Bronx Community College Eisenstein cohomology of SL(3,Z) 

Sept 28 
Karen Taylor, Bronx Community College Quadratic Identities and Maass Waveforms 

Oct 5 
Karen Taylor, Bronx Community College Quadratic Identities and Maass Waveforms II 

Oct 12 
Jorge Pineiro, Bronx Community College Dirichlet's unit theorem in algebraic dynamics 

Oct 19 
Cormac O'Sullivan, Bronx Community College
and The Graduate Center A generalization of the RiemannSiegel formula Abstract: The celebrated RiemannSiegel formula expresses the difference between the Riemann zeta function on the critical line and its partial sums as an expansion in terms of decreasing powers of the imaginary variable t. Siegel anticipated that this formula could be generalized to include the HardyLittlewood approximate functional equation, valid in any vertical strip. We give this generalization for the first time. The asymptotics contain Mordell integrals and an interesting new family of polynomials. 

Oct 26 
Karen Taylor, Bronx Community College Ramanujan's Third Order Mock Theta Function Abstract: I will be discussing, primarily, Watson's 1935 address to the LMS 

Nov 2 
MathFest 

Nov 9 
Lindsay Dever, Bryn Mawr College The Trace Formula in Hyperbolic 3Space Abstract: The trace formula allows us to compare spectral and geometric information (such as automorphic forms, and the lengths of closed geodesics) on hyperbolic surfaces, including arithmetic ones. These ideas have been extended to automorphic forms in many different contexts including threedimensional hyperbolic space. In this expository talk, I will introduce automorphic forms in hyperbolic 3space and give an overview of the trace formula. 

Nov 16 
Daniel Garbin, Queensborough Community
College Effective bounds for Fourier coefficients of certain weakly holomorphic modular forms 

Nov 23 
Thanksgiving 

Nov 30 
Nelson Carella, Bronx Community College Density of Primes and Primitive Roots 

Dec 7 
Kris Klosin, Queens College and The
Graduate Center The paramodular conjecture for abelian surfaces with rational torsion Abstract: The Paramodular Conjecture can be viewed as an analog of the TaniyamaShimura Conjecture for abelian surfaces asserting that they should correspond to certain (paramodular) Siegel modular forms. We will discuss recent progress on the conjecture in the case when the abelian surface has a rational torsion point. This is joint work with T. Berger. 
